Cuando las especies se encuentran: introducciones

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Donna Haraway


El libro de Donna Haraway Cuando las especies se encuentran ha sido una de las apuestas más innovadoras en el campo de los estudios animales y de los estudios feministas. En la introducción, la autora analiza las interacciones entre los humanos y un vasto número de criaturas, especialmente aquellas designadas como domésticas. Desde las mascotas diseñadas en el laboratorio hasta los animales entrenados como acompañantes terapéuticos, esta pieza se pregunta por los aspectos filosóficos, culturales y biológicos de los encuentros humano-animal. El ensayo propone el concepto de especies de compañía como una herramienta para la creación de narrativas que reconocen a los seres de otras especies como presencias significativas junto a las cuales los humanos co-evolucionamos y co-habitamos un espacio común. Esta conceptualización busca posicionarse más allá de las ideas que abogan por el excepcionalismo humano. De esta manera, se pregunta por las posibilidades de una ética inter-especie que permita el florecimiento tanto de humanos como animales y desarrolla el concepto de «devenir-con» como la noción fundamental para referirse a la relacionalidad constituyente de los encuentros humano- animal. Al analizar este vínculo, la autora se detiene en las dificultades constitutivas de estos encuentros, sus complejidades, complicaciones y el modo en que nos enfrentan posiciones asimétricas de poder.

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