Diagnóstico prénatal: retrospectiva

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Autores

Luz Mery Bernal Greizy López

Resumen

El Diagnóstico Prenatal (DPN) es un conjunto de técnicas destinadas a establecer un diagnóstico fetal aún en el periodo de vida intra-uterina. Está dirigido principalmente a parejas con mayor riesgo de presentar un embarazo de un hijo con una anomalía genética o congénita. Su objetivo fundamental es lograr la identificación de anomalías cromosómicas, malformaciones, enfermedades metabólicas, mendelianas y otras alteraciones eventualmente adquiridas durante la gestación y con repercusiones sobre el feto. El DPN ha sido usado como un método formal de diagnóstico desde hace más de 45 años, pasando por las diferentes fases de su evolución. Esta revisión describe estas fases abordando las realizaciones científicas que permitieron su implementación y mejoramiento continuo.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22490/24629448.1838

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