ANÁLISIS TEMPORAL DEL COVID-19 EN COLOMBIA: INDICADORES ASOCIADOS Y MODELIZACIÓN

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Autores

Hugo Alexander Rondón-Quintana
Carlos Alfonso Zafra-Mejía https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4061-4897

Resumen

Este estudio muestra información estadística sobre el COVID-19 en Colombia a la fecha (1 de marzo de 2022). Específicamente, la evolución diaria, mensual y acumulada de contagios y defunciones, correlacionada con la distribución de la población según edad y sexo. Esta información puede ayudar a planificar y diseñar, en futuras pandemias, estrategias de política de salud pública. La información diaria desde la declaratoria oficial de pandemia en Colombia (16 de marzo de 2020) fue obtenida del Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) y fue organizada en una base de datos para realizar los análisis respectivos. Esta información se comparó con estudios similares obtenidos a partir de revisión bibliográfica. Los resultados y conclusiones son similares a los encontrados en la literatura de referencia: la mayor parte de los fallecidos por COVID-19 son de edad avanzada y sexo masculino. En cuanto a la tasa de letalidad (CFR), ésta aumenta notoriamente con la edad. La población más vulnerable presenta una edad promedio ≥ 52.8 años. La población menos vulnerable son los jóvenes menores de 30 años, pero específicamente, los que se encuentran en el rango de edad de 10 y 20 años. Los modelos Gompertz y Logistic pueden simular matemáticamente la evolución de las muertes y la evolución de la CFR según la edad.

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Licencia Creative Commons
NOVA por http://www.unicolmayor.edu.co/publicaciones/index.php/nova se distribuye bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

Así mismo,  los autores mantienen sus derechos de propiedad intelectual sobre los artículos.  

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