China’s strategic foray in the post- monarchy Nepal: implications for India

Contenido principal del artículo


Bawa Singh Shahbaz Shah


Nepal had been surrounded by two major powers- India and China. India and Nepal had been sharing very historical and civilizational relations. With the signing of Indo-Nepal Peace and Friendship Treaty 1950, the first step in solidifying the multifaceted bilateral relations was taken. But soon, some anti-Indianness started growing and was further strengthened on account of South Asian geopolitics. India’s South Asia in general and diplomatic manoeuvres towards Nepal in particular drifted Nepal away from its geostrategic and geopolitical calculus,which led to vacuum in Indo-Nepal relations. Meanwhile, China and India both have been competing for expanding their influence in South Asian countries. In order to find its geostrategic space, China has re-oriented its policy vis-à-vis Nepal in particular and for South Asia in general. Consequently, China hasremained successful making it a strong partnerunlike India. It has convinced Nepal to support, China’s One Policy. In order to achieve it vested interests in Nepal, China has been making strong strategic foray. In this changing scenario, how China has been expanding its geostrategic foray in Nepal and how it would impact on Indian interests, remain the main focus of this paper.

Detalles del artículo



Todo documento incluido en la revista puede ser reproducido total o parcialmente, siempre y cuando se respete su contenido original, se cite la fuente y se use con fines académicos no comerciales. Misión Jurídica y su contenido se encuentra protegido bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

Licencia Creative Commons
Misión Jurídica por Misión Jurídica se distribuye bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.
Basada en una obra en
Permisos que vayan más allá de lo cubierto por esta licencia pueden encontrarse en


• Thussu, D, K. (2013). Communicating India's Soft Power: Buddha to Bollywood. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Publication.

• Dwivedi, G.G. (2009). China’s Strategic Interests in South and South East Asia. In S. Kumar (Ed.), India’s National Security: Annual Review. New Delhi: Routlege.

• Dwivedi, M. (2009). South Asian Security. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications.

• Ghoble, T. Ramrao. (1986). China-Nepal Relations and India. New Delhi: Deep &Deep Publications.

• Hagerty, D. T. (2005).South Asia in World Politics. USA: Rowman & Littlefield.

• Hamdani, K. (2013). Challenge of the South. In K. Malik & M. Kugler (Eds.), Human Progress and the Rising South (pp. 38-78). New York: United Nations Development Programme.

• Jha, P. S. (2010). India and China: The Battle between Soft and Hard Power. New Delhi: Penguin Books.

• Kant, R. (1976).Nepal China and India. New Delhi:Abhinav Publication.

• Nayak, N. R. (2014). Strategic Himalayas: Republican Nepal and External Powers. New Delhi: Pentagon Press.

• Nayak, N. R. (2012). Nepal Issues and Concerns in India-Nepal Relations. In R.Dahiya & A. K. Behuria (Eds.), India's Neighborhood: Challenges in the Next Two Decades (pp. 137-162). New Delhi: Pentagon Press.

• Pandey, N. N. (2005). Nepal-China Relations. Kathmandu: Institute of Foreign Affairs

• Pant, Harsh. (2011). China's Rising Global Profile: The Great Power Tradition. United Kingdom: Sussex Acadmic Press.

• Sahoo, et al.(2013). Foreign Direct Investment in South Asia: Policy, Impact, Determinants and Challenges New Delhi: Springer Science & Business Media.

• Samaranayake, N. (2014). China’s Relations with the Smaller South Asian Countries. In D. C. Chau & T. M. Kane (Eds.), China and International Security: History, Strategy, and 21st-Century Policy (pp. 217-238). California: ABC-CLIO Publications.

• Singh, P. (2012). China Managing India-China Relations. In R. Dahiya & A. K. Behuria (Eds.), India's Neighborhood: Challenges in the Next Two Decades (pp. 55-94).New Delhi: Pentagon Press.

• Singh, R. Kumar. (2009). Global Dimensions of Indo-Nepal Political Relations: Post Independence. New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House.

• Sutter, R. G. (2013).Foreign Relations of the PRC: The Legacies and Constraints of China. United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

• Tripathi, Prasad. (2012). Nepal in Transition: A Way Forward. New Delhi: Vij Books India.

• Trivedi,Ramesh. (2008). India’s Relations with Her Neighbours.Delhi: Gyan Publishing House.

• Upadhya, Sanjay. (2012). Nepal and the Geo-Strategic Rivalry between China and India. New York: Routledge.

• Upreti, B. R. (2006). Armed Conflict and Peace Process in Nepal. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.

• Adhikari, Monalisa. (2012). Between the Dragon and the Elephant: Nepal's Neutrality Conundrum. Indian Journal of Asian Affairs, 25(1), 83-97.

• Chakravarty, P. R. (2014). India’s Foreign Policy in the Neighborhood, Its Look East Policy and India-China Relations. Ministry of External Affairs Government of India. Retrieved from distinguished-lectures-detail.Htm? 87

• Das, Pushpita. (2008). Towards a Regulated Indo-Nepal Border. Strategic Analysis, 32(5),879-900.

• Das, Pushpita. (2013). Need to effectively manage the India-Nepal Border. Institute for Defence Studies Analyses. Retrieved from comments/ManagetheIndiaNepalBorder_ pdas_190913. Html

• Dash, K. C. (1996). The Political Economy of Regional Cooperation in South Asia. Pacific Affairs, 69(2). Retrieved from https://www. /intrel/dash.htm

• Haokip, T. (2011).India's Look East Policy: Its Evolution and Approach. South Asian Survey, 18(2), 239-257.

• Hargreaves, et al. (2011). International Dimensions of the Sri Lankan Conflict. Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved from

• Hariharan. (2011). China’s Impact on India-Nepal Relations. C3S Paper No 901. Chennai Centre for China Studies. Retrieved from

• Jaiswal, Pramod. (2014). China in Nepal: Increasing Connectivity via Railways. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved from / article/south - asia/china - in - nepal - increasing-connectivity-via-railways-684. html

• Jaiswal, Pramod. (2014). Chinese Inroads to Nepal. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved from http://www.ipcs. org/article/india/chinese-inroads-to-nepal-4319.html

• Kher, Priyanka. (2012). Political Economy of Regional Integration in South Asia. Background Paper No. RVC 5 for UNCTAD. Retrieved from /en/ PublicationsLibrary/ecidc2013Misc1_bp5

• Kochhar, G. (2013). Nepal-China Closeness: What India Loses? C3S Paper No: 1135. Chennai Centre for China Studies. Retrieved from http://www.c3sindia. Org/ china-internal/3556

• Kumar, S. (2011). China’s Expanding Footprint in Nepal: Threats to India. Journal of Defence Studies, 5(2), 77-89.

• Lama, J. Yeshe. (2013). China and its Peripheries: Securing Nepal in South Asia. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies. Retrieved from /pdf_ file/issue/IB232-Jigme-ChinaPeriphery-Nepal.pdf

• Liu, Siwei. (2014). China Threat in South Asia: A Perspective from China. Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.Retrieved from / china-threat-in-south-asia-a-perspective-from-china-4695.html

• Niazi, Tarique. (2015). Gwadar: China's Naval Outpost on the Indian Ocean. China Brief, 5(9), 17-29.

• Paradise, J. F. (2009). China and International Harmony: The Role of Confucius Institutes in Bolstering Beijing's Soft Power. Asian Survey, 49(4), 647-669. .

• Ranade, J. (2010). China’s Increasing Inroads into Nepal. Centre for Airpower Studies. Retrieved from https://www. _Inroads_into_Nepal

• Shrestha, B. N. (2014.). The Natural Environment and the Shifting Borders of Nepal. Slavic-Eurasian Research Center. Retrieved from http://src-h.slav.hokudai. ac .jp/publictn/eurasia_border_review/ Vol42/V4N204Shrestha2.pdf

• Arpi, Claude. (January 01, 2015). Proximity that Should Make India Sit Up. The Pioneer. Retrieved fromhttp://www.dailypioneer. com/columnists/edit/proximity-that-should-make-india-sit-up.html
• Joseph, Josy. (October 5, 2011). Nepal Telecom's deal with Chinese firms worries India. Times of India. Retrieved from http://timesofindia .

• Niazi, Tarique. (August 24, 2005). China's foot in India's door. Asia Times.Retrieved from South_Asia/GH24Df05.html

• Parashar, S. (October 1, 2009). China using Nepal Study Centres for Spying? Times of India. Retrieved from http:// articleshow/5074293.cms

• Kelegama, Saman. (June 12, 2014). China's growing economic power in South Asia: A closer look. The Daily Star. Retrieved from chinas-growing-economic-power-in-south-asia-a-closer-look-28127

• Campbell, et al. (2012). China and Conflict-Affected States: Between principle and pragmatism. Safer World. Retrieved from

• Kelegama, Samam. (2014). China’s growing reach in South Asia. East Asia Forum.http:// chinas-growing-reach-in-south-asia/

• Li, Z. (2010). Conflict Management and Nation-building in Nepal: China’s Perspective and Interest Calculus. Retrieved from

• Pang, Z. R. (2008). China’s Non-Intervention Question. thinkINchina. Retrieved from http://www.thinkinchina. asia/wp-content/uploads/1_China_and_ International Intervention.pdf

• Ranade, Jayadeva. (2011). China against any country interfering in Sino-Nepalese ties. DNA India. Retrieved from

• Sehgal, Saransh. (2014). China Expands into Himalayan Neighbour Nepal. ISN. Retrieved from Digital-libraryid=175398


La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.